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INDIA: Euthanasia and ‘Living Will’ allowed by Supreme Court; Why Modi chose Hindi medium to pitch India to the world …

Euthanasia and ‘Living Will’ allowed by Supreme Court
Why Modi chose Hindi medium to pitch India to the world
Padma Awards 2018 announced
Now, government to start mapping your address digitally 
Govt lacking ‘brain power’ to understand importance of innovation: Sam Pitroda

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Euthanasia and ‘Living Will’ allowed by Supreme Court

Mar 09, 2018 : Dtf.in
NEW DELHI: While observing that human beings have the right to die with dignity, the Supreme Court (SC) today allowed passive euthanasia, but have set out strict guidelines that will govern when it is permissible.
According to the Times of India report, the apex court also allowed an individual to draft a living will specifying that they not be put on life support if they slip into an incurable coma in the future. In a ‘living will’, a person can make a statement in advance that their life should not be prolonged by putting them on a ventilator or an artificial support system.
The Supreme Court, in its judgment, has arrived at the following conclusions on the subject:-
“M. CONCLUSIONS:
From the above discussions, we arrive on following conclusions:
(i) The Constitution Bench in Gian Kaur’s case held that the “right to life: including right to live ithhuman ignity” would mean the existence of such right up to the end of natural life, which also includes the right to a dignified life upto the point of death including a dignified procedure of death. The above right was held to be part of fundamental right enshrined under Article 21 of the Constitution which we also reiterate.
(ii) We agree with the observation made in the reference order of the threeJudge Bench to the effect that the Constitution Bench in Gian Kaur’s case did not express any binding view on the subject of euthanasia. We hold that no binding view was expressed by the Constitution Bench on the subject of Euthanasia.
(iii) The Constitution Bench, however, noted a distinction between cases in which physician decides not to provide or continue to provide for treatment and care, which could or might prolong his life and those in which he decides to administer a lethal drug even though with object of relieving the patient from pain and suffering. The later was held not to be covered under any right flowing from Article 21.
(iv) Thus, the law of the land as existing today is that no one is permitted to cause death of another person including a physician by administering any lethal drug even if the objective is to relieve the patient from pain and suffering.
(v) An adult human being of conscious mind is fully entitled to refuse medical treatment or to decide not to take medical treatment and may decide to embrace the death in natural way.
(vi) Euthanasia as the meaning of words suggest is an act which leads to a good death. Some positive act is necessary to characterise the action as Euthanasia. Euthanasia is also commonly called “assisted suicide” due to the above reasons.
(vii) We are thus of the opinion that the right not to take a life saving treatment by a person, who is competent to take an informed decision is not covered by the concept of euthanasia as it is commonly understood but a decision to withdraw life saving treatment by a patient who is competent to take decision as well as with regard to a patient who is not competent to take decision can be termed as passive euthanasia, which is lawful and legally permissible in this country.
(viii) The right of patient who is incompetent to express his view cannot be outside of fold of Article 21 of the Constitution of India.
(ix) We also are of the opinion that in cases of incompetent patients who are unable to take an informed decision, “the best interests principle” be applied and such decision be taken by specified competent medical experts and be implemented after providing a cooling period to enable aggrieved person to approach the court of law.
(x) An advance medical directive is an individual’s advance exercise of his autonomy on the subject of extent of medical intervention that he wishes to allow upon his own body at a future date, when he may not be in a position to specify his wishes. The purpose and object of advance medical directive is to express the choice of a person regarding medical treatment in an event when he loses capacity to take a decision. The right to execute an advance medical directive is nothing but a step towards protection of aforesaid right by an individual.
(xi) Right of execution of an advance medical directive by an individual does not depend on any recognition or legislation by a State and we are of the considered opinion that such rights can be exercised by an individual in recognition and in affirmation of his right of bodily integrity and self-determination. In view of our conclusions as noted above the writ petition is allowed in the following manner:
(a) The right to die with dignity as fundamental right has already been declared by the Constitution Bench judgment of this Court in Gian Kaur case (supra) which we reiterate.
(b) We declare that an adult human being having mental capacity to take an informed decision has right to refuse medical treatment including withdrawal from life saving devices.
(c) A person of competent mental faculty is entitled to execute an advance medical directive in accordance with safeguards as referred to above.”
More: SC Judgment dated 09.03.2018 – Common Cause (A Regd. Society) Vs. Union of India and Another >>> Supreme Court Judgements

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Why Modi chose Hindi medium to pitch India to the world

Timesofindia.indiatimes.com
January 28, 2018
The ability to speak to the audience is among the main attributes of an effective communicator, especially those in public life. In this made-in-media age, this is a daunting challenge. A public speaker must keep in mind that his audience is no longer restricted to those present at the venue.
Thanks to live TV, YouTube and Periscope, a speech often reaches varied audiences. An important speech must, therefore, cater to not merely the visible audience but an unknown world beyond. …

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Padma Awards 2018 announced

25 Jan, 2018 
Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. The Awards are given in various disciplines/ fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc. ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.

These awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March/ April every year. This year the President of India has approved conferment of 85 Padma Awards including two duo cases (in a duo case, the award is counted as one) as per list below. The list comprises 3 Padma Vibhushan, 9 Padma Bhushan and 73 Padma Shri Awards. 14 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 16 persons from the category of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI and 3 Posthumous awardees.

Padma Vibhushan 

Sl. No

Name

Field

State

1.

Shri Illaiyaraja

Art-Music

Tamil Nadu

2.

Shri Ghulam Mustafa Khan

Art-Music

Maharashtra

3.

Shri Parameswaran Parameswaran

Literature and Education

Kerala

Padma Bhushan 

Sl. No

Name

Field

State

4.

Shri Pankaj Advani

Sports- Billiards/Snooker

Karnataka

5.

Shri Philipose Mar Chrysostom

Others-Spiritualism

Kerala

6.

Shri Mahendra Singh Dhoni

Sports-Cricket

Jharkhand

7.

Shri Alexander Kadakin

(Foreigner/Posthumous)

Public Affairs

Russia

 8.

Shri Ramachandran Nagaswamy

Others-Archaeology

Tamil Nadu

9.

Shri Ved Prakash Nanda

(OCI)

Literature and Education

USA

10.

Shri Laxman Pai

Art-Painting

Goa

11.

Shri Arvind Parikh

Art-Music

Maharashtra

12.

Ms. Sharda Sinha

Art-Music

Bihar

Padma Shri

Sl. No

Name

Field

 

State

13.

Shri Abhay Bang (Duo)

Medicine

Maharashtra

Ms. Rani Bang (Duo)

Medicine

Maharashtra

14.

Shri Damodar Ganesh Bapat

Social Work

Chhattisgarh

15.

Shri Prafulla Govinda Baruah

Literature and Education-Journalism

Assam

16.

Shri Mohan Swaroop Bhatia

Art-Folk Music

Uttar Pradesh

17.

Shri Sudhanshu Biswas

Social Work

West Bengal

18.

Ms. Saikhom Mirabai Chanu

Sports-Weightlifting

Manipur

19.

Shri Pandit Shyamlal Chaturvedi

Literature and Education-Journalism

Chhattisgarh

20.

Shri Jose Ma Joey Concepcion III (Foreigner)

Trade & Industry

Philippines

21.

Ms. Langpoklakpam Subadani Devi

Art-Weaving

Manipur

22.

Shri Somdev Devvarman

Sports-Tennis

Tripura

23.

Shri Yeshi Dhoden

Medicine

Himachal Pradesh

24.

Shri Arup Kumar Dutta

Literature and Education

Assam

25.

Shri Doddarange Gowda

Art-Lyrics

Karnataka

26.

Shri Arvind Gupta

Literature and Education

Maharashtra

27.

Shri Digamber Hansda

Literature and Education

Jharkhand

28.

Shri Ramli Bin Ibrahim

(Foreigner)

Art-Dance

Malaysia

29.

Shri Anwar Jalalpuri

(Posthumous)

Literature and Education

Uttar Pradesh

30.

Shri Piyong Temjen Jamir

Literature and Education

Nagaland

31.

Ms. Sitavva Joddati

Social Work

Karnataka

32.

Ms. Malti Joshi

Literature and

Madhya Pradesh

 

 

Education

 

33.

Shri Manoj Joshi

Art-Acting

Maharashtra

34.

Shri Rameshwarlal Kabra

Trade & Industry

Maharashtra

35.

Shri Pran Kishore Kaul

Art

Jammu and

 

 

 

Kashmir

36.

Shri Bounlap Keokangna

Others-Architecture

Laos

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

37.

Shri Vijay Kichlu

Art-Music

West Bengal

38.

Shri Tommy Koh

Public Affairs

Singapore

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

39.

Ms. Lakshmikutty

Medicine-Traditional

Kerala

40.

Ms. Joyshree Goswami

Literature and

Assam

 

Mahanta

Education

 

41.

Shri Narayan Das Maharaj

Others-Spiritualism

Rajasthan

42.

Shri Pravakara Maharana

Art-Sculpture

Odisha

43.

Shri Hun Many

Public Affairs

Cambodia

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

44.

Ms. Nouf Marwaai

Others- Yoga

Saudi Arabia

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

45.

Shri Zaverilal Mehta

Literature and

Gujarat

 

 

Education-Journalism

 

46.

Shri Krishna Bihari Mishra

Literature and

West Bengal

 

 

Education

 

47.

Shri Sisir Purushottam

Art-Cinema

Maharashtra

 

Mishra

 

 

48.

Ms. Subhasini Mistry

Social Work

West Bengal

49.

Shri Tomio Mizokami

Literature and

Japan

 

(Foreigner)

Education

 

50.

Shri Somdet Phra Maha

Others-Spiritualism

Thailand

 

Muniwong

 

 

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

51.

Shri Keshav Rao

Literature and

Madhya Pradesh

 

Musalgaonkar

Education

 

52.

Dr Thant Myint – U

Public Affairs

Myanmar

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

53.

Ms. V Nanammal

Others-Yoga

Tamil Nadu

54.

Ms. Sulagitti Narasamma

Social Work

Karnataka

55.

Ms. Vijayalakshmi

Art-Folk Music

Tamil Nadu

 

Navaneethakrishnan

 

 

56.

Shri I Nyoman Nuarta

Art- Sculpture

Indonesia

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

57.

Shri Malai Haji Abdullah

Social Work

Brunei

 

Bin Malai Haji Othman

 

Darussalam

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

58.

Shri Gobaradhan Panika

Art-Weaving

Odisha

59.

Shri Bhabani Charan

Public Affairs

Odisha

 

Pattanaik

 

 

60.

Shri Murlikant Petkar

Sports-Swimming

Maharashtra

61.

Shri Habibullo Rajabov

Literature and

Tajikistan

 

(Foreigner)

Education

 

62.

Shri M R Rajagopal

Medicine-Palliative

Kerala

 

 

Care

 

63.

Shri Sampat Ramteke

Social Work

Maharashtra

 

(Posthumous)

 

 

64.

Shri Chandra Sekhar Rath

Literature and

Odisha

 

 

Education

 

65.

Shri S S Rathore

Civil Service

Gujarat

66.

Shri Amitava Roy

Science and

West Bengal

 

 

Engineering

 

67.

Shri Sanduk Ruit

Medicine-

Nepal

 

(Foreigner)

Ophthalmology

 

68.

Shri R Sathyanarayana

Art-Music

Karnataka

69.

Shri Pankaj M Shah

Medicine-Oncology

Gujarat

70.

Shri Bhajju Shyam

Art-Painting

Madhya Pradesh

71.

Shri Maharao Raghuveer

Literature and

Rajasthan

 

Singh

Education

 

72.

Shri Kidambi Srikanth

Sports-Badminton

Andhra Pradesh

73.

Shri Ibrahim Sutar

Art-Music

Karnataka

74.

Shri Siddeshwara Swamiji

Others-Spiritualism

Karnataka

75.

Ms. Lentina Ao Thakkar

Social Work

Nagaland

76.

Shri Vikram Chandra

Science and

Uttarakhand

 

Thakur

Engineering

 

77.

Shri Rudrapatnam

Art-Music

Karnataka

 

Narayanaswamy

 

 

 

Tharanathan (Duo)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shri Rudrapatnam

Art-Music

Karnataka

 

Narayanaswamy

 

 

 

Thyagarajan (Duo)

 

 

78.

Shri Nguyen Tien Thien

Others-Spiritualism

Vietnam

 

(Foreigner)

 

 

79.

Shri Bhagirath Prasad

Literature and

Uttar Pradesh

 

Tripathi

Education

 

80.

Shri Rajagopalan Vasudevan

Science and

Tamil Nadu

 

 

Engineering

 

81.

Shri Manas Bihari Verma

Science and

Bihar

 

 

Engineering

 

82.

Shri Panatawane Gangadhar

Literature and

Maharashtra

 

Vithobaji

Education

 

83.

Shri Romulus Whitaker

Others-Wildlife

Tamil Nadu

 

 

Conservation

 

84.

Shri Baba Yogendra

Art

Madhya Pradesh

85.

Shri A Zakia

Literature and

Mizoram

 

 

Education

  

 

(Source: Pib website)

Now, government to start mapping your address digitally

Timesofindia.indiatimes.com 
Nov 16, 2017 
NEW DELHI: The government wants to map your address — residential or professional — digitally, something done by Aadhaar for an individual’s identification. 
The department of posts – which is under the ministry of communications — has ordered a pilot project that will accord a six-character alphanumeric digital address for every property for three postal pin code locations.
The idea is to provide e-locations (like on Google Maps) for the addresses therein and then provide possibilities to link them to other information, such as property title and ownership, property tax records, information on utilities like electricity, water and gas. …

Govt lacking ‘brain power’ to understand importance of innovation: Sam Pitroda

Economicstimes.indiatimes.com 
Oct 18, 2017
AHMEDABAD: Telecom inventor and entrepreneur Sam Pitroda has said that the central government was lacking “brain power” to understand the importance of innovation for creating more jobs and expressed disappointment at its decision to close the National Innovation Council.
Delivering a lecture on innovation at the Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) here, Pitroda also opined that people should move on from the issues such as Ram Temple or about history. … 

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